The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx
Among the major tourist sites, there is only one considered to be “The major” and on top of any list - The Pyramids of Giza
There are three main Pyramids here, which were built in the 4th Dynasty (circa 2550 B.C). The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Kings (and Queens), and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. However, this tradition only applied in the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; the most famous ones are those at Giza.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
The Great Pyramid, called Akhet Khufu (The Horizon of Khufu), is the largest pyramid in Egypt. The pharoh Khnum-khuf, called Khufu for short, and Cheops in Greek, created this pyramid after he came to the throne in 2551 BC upon the death of his father, Sneferu, creator of the Meidum and Dahshur pyramids. So massive is this pyramid that it almost, if not does, exceeds the total amount of stone in the three created by Sneferu. It would be very easy to say that Khufu took his dad's idea and ran with it, so to speak.
The Pyramid of Khafre:
The Pyramid of Menkaure:
The Great Sphinx